There are 9 official geographic regions in Baltimore, each named after their direction from the center of Baltimore and each patrolled by their own police department. The city’s rich architectural legacy is the work of several centuries’ worth of acclaimed architects, such as Benjamin Latrobe and George A. Frederick. Landmark structures include the 1803-built Baltimore Basilica, designed by Benjamin Latrobe, and the Municipal Museum of Baltimore, built in 1813 as the first building in the U.S. designed specifically to be a museum.
The Phoenix Shot Tower once had the distinction of being the tallest building in the U.S. but was ousted in 1851. The first iron-front building in Baltimore was the R.C. Hatfield-designed Sun Iron Building, which became the model for many downtown structures. Fans of jeweler Louis Comfort Tiffany can observe the stained-glass windows he designed for the Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church. Overall, 1 in 3 buildings in Baltimore is listed on the National Register, more than in any other city in the country.
Baltimore has a unique selection of homes and apartments compared to other housing markets. While the number of options on the real estate market at any given moment will vary, in total there are 12,168 condo units, 2,369 apartments, 12,574 exempt properties, and 194,112 other residential properties. Commercial properties make up 13,024 units in the market, while industrial units come in at 2,288. There are 704 properties zoned for mixed use.
Serving Baltimore there are a number of interstates, including I-70, I-83, I-95, I-395, I-695, and I-795, and two highways, US 1 and US 40. MTA Maryland oversees the public transportation system, which includes a bus network with local and express buses, a light rail network, and a subway line. The Charm City Circulator shuttle bus service provides free bus transportation 7 days a week, picking up riders every 15 minutes at various stops throughout the city. Baltimore is also home to six water taxi routes.
The Baltimore City Public School system includes well-known schools like Carver Vocational-Technical High School, Digital Harbor High School, Lake Clifton Eastern High School, and the Frederick Douglass High School. A number of secondary educational facilities call Baltimore home, including Johns Hopkins University, Maryland Institute of Art, and Loyola University Maryland.
There are 22 hospitals in the larger Baltimore area. The busiest are MedStar Franklin Square Hospital, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Anne Arundel Medical Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, and Johns Hopkins Hospital.
In 2015, the FBI notes there were 9,542 reported violent crimes in Baltimore, with a total population of 621,252 people. This is a significant drop compared to crime statistics for Baltimore in the mid-1990s and most categories of crime have declined year after year for the last decade.
Baltimore’s most famous culinary treasure are its crab cakes. Many restaurants serving the local piece de resistance are located around the Inner Harbor, among them Charm City Cakes – known as the set for hit Food Network show Ace of Cakes. Baltimore is the last place in the United States where it’s possible to buy fruits and vegetables from a horse-drawn cart – known as an arabber, the cart goes up and down residential streets, offering its wares.
The oldest continuously running tavern in the United States, The Horse You Came In On Saloon, can be found in Fells Point. Fine dining establishments in the city can generally be found in Harbor East. Baltimore is also home to five public markets, including the oldest continuously operating public market in the country – the Baltimore Public Market System.
Lexington Market is another local landmark – around since 1782, it’s one of the oldest in the world.