NYC-based boutique law firm Pardalis & Nohavicka brings the latest legal updates from the world of real estate to PropertyShark. Pardalis & Nohavicka handles an eclectic array of matters, representing individuals and business owners in civil litigation, criminal cases and business transactions, currently litigating and representing clients throughout the United States and around the world.

Selling a home is similar to selling a product. In order to appeal to buyers, listings need to have appealing photos, detailed descriptions of the property and vital information about the surrounding area.

But, as with any sales listing, the line between marketing and misleading can sometimes get blurry. As a result, when sharing listings, brokers should take care to avoid vague language that could potentially get them into legal trouble for misrepresentation.

Misrepresentation can occur in a variety of different ways; the key to differentiating between a case of true misrepresentation and a simple mistake is intent. If a broker provides information that they believed to be a true statement, then they are not committing any act of misrepresentation. Conversely, if a broker knowingly provides false information for the purposes of making a sale, then this can be considered an act of fraud. The lines are especially blurry here because there is no specific law in place that directly addresses falsifications of real estate listings.

However, there is a law aimed at regulating these falsifications. The Property Conditions Disclosure Act (PCDA) helps potential residential real estate buyers obtain fair information. In accordance with this law, sellers of residential real property are required to provide the potential buyer or buyer’s agent with a complete disclosure statement. This statement must be delivered to either party prior to the signing of any binding contracts.

Following the PCDA, in May of 2019, the State Real Estate Board of New York added new provisions that deal directly with advertising and listing misrepresentations:

  • The new provisions prohibit any brokers, agencies or real estate salespersons from advertising listings that are exclusive to a specific broker without that broker’s permission.
  • The advertisements must be specific and clearly state the name of the exclusive broker.
  • If a third-party is paid for advertising, those advertisements must disclose the exclusive broker’s name and include the word “advertisement,” at minimum.

These provisions help clarify any confusion that potential buyers or interested individuals may have, whether the misconception is about the physical property itself or the listing party. On the broker’s side, the regulations also eliminate the ability of other parties to advertise exclusive listings without the authorization of the named broker. Overall, these regulations create a more fair system in residential real estate.

Real estate brokers who maintain their integrity can easily avoid being trapped in a case of misrepresentation. Brokers should do their due diligence by performing thorough research and providing clients with the best information they can obtain. Remember, selling strategies are perfectly normal as long as they are honest.


Taso Pardalis

Taso Pardalis is a founding partner of the Law Offices of Pardalis and Nohavicka, a leading full- service NYC law firm with offices in Manhattan, Queens and WeWork. Taso may be a well-known attorney with many cases making headlines in major media outlets, but at heart, he is a true entrepreneur that believes in supporting the small business community. His areas of concentration are: Intellectual Property, Trademarks, Corporate, Business Law and Real Estate Law.

Nataly Goldstein

Real Estate and Corporate Transactions Attorney  Nataly Goldstein is a graduate of Cardozo School of Law, where she served as President of the Real Estate Law Association.  She is experienced in both residential and commercial real estate transactions, as well as representing large banks, such as Wells Fargo and Citibank.

Sofia Stefanou

Sofia Stefanou is a law clerk at Pardalis & Nohavicka. She is currently a student at NYU’s Schack School of Real Estate. Sofia is a member of NYU’s Undergraduate Real Estate Club, Women in Real Estate Club, and Hellenic Heritage Association. She is currently a member of the real estate law team at Pardalis & Nohavicka.

Eliza Theiss

Eliza Theiss

Eliza Theiss is a senior writer reporting real estate trends in the US. Her work has been cited by CBS News, Curbed, The Los Angeles Times, and Forbes among others. With an academic background in journalism, Eliza has been covering real estate since 2012. Before joining PropertyShark, Eliza was an associate editor at Multi-Housing News and Commercial Property Executive. Eliza writes for both PropertyShark and CommercialEdge. Reach her at [email protected]